In this article, we will discuss about Life Insurance Policy Taxation Rules.
Important points that need to be considered in case of taxability of Life Insurance Policy
1.. Deduction under Section 80C
2. Exemption under Section 10(10D) on maturity of policy
3. TDS on the life insurance policy
4. Tax implication of single premium life insurance policies
Buying a life insurance plan is very important for people who have dependent family members. The policy will help you protect the financial future of your parents, spouse & children.
Payment of premium on life insurance policy not only gives insurance cover to a taxpayer but also offers tax deduction u/s 80C of Income Tax Act.
Deduction under Section 80C
Any premium paid towards a Life Insurance Policy is allowed as deduction. A taxpayer, being an individual or a Hindu Undivided Family (HUF), can claim deduction u/s 80C in respect of premium on life insurance policy paid by him during the year. However, the LIC Premium is allowed on ACTUAL PAYMENT BASIS only (not on due basis). It will be allowed even if the premium payment is made in cash.
In case of an individual, deduction is available in respect of policy taken in the name of taxpayer or his/her spouse or his/her children. No deduction is available in respect of premium paid in respect of policy taken in the name of any other person, other than as mentioned.
In case of a HUF, deduction is available in respect of policy taken in the name of any of the members of the HUF.
Limit of Deduction u/s 80C – Overall deduction u/s 80C (along with deduction u/s 80CCC & 80CCD) allowed is up to Rs. 1,50,000.
Minimum holding period
Minimum holding period in case of Life Insurance Policy is 3 years. In case policy is terminated/surrender before the minimum holding period then the deduction allowed in earlier years would be deemed as income of the previous year of termination. Further, no deduction will be allowed in respect of payment made towards such policy which is terminated during the year of termination.
Exemption under Section 10(10D) on the maturity benefit
- Section 10(10D) of the Income Tax Act allows any amount received such as maturity proceeds, bonus amount, survival benefits or surrender value on life insurance policy as exempt if premium paid on the policy must not be more than 20% of sum assured for policies issued before April 1, 2012 & 10% of sum assured for policies issued after April 1, 2012.
- In case of policy taken on or after 1-4-2013 in the name of any person suffering from disability or severe disability u/s 80U or suffering from disease or ailment given u/s 80DDB, limit will be 15% of sum assured.
- Benefits of section 10(10D) also apply to any gains arising out of ULIPs & Single Premium Life Insurance Policies (if the conditions mentioned in section 10(10D) are met).
- Deductions are applicable to both foreign as well as Indian life insurance companies.
TDS on the life insurance policy
In case life insurance policy is taxable, TDS u/s 194DA will be applicable if the amount received is more than ₹1 lakh. TDS rate will be 5% on the income component (amount received – total premium paid in the tenure of the policy).
Any amount received under life insurance policy is taxable under the head “Income from other sources” as per the applicable income tax slab rate, if not exempt u/s 10(10D).
When will be the amount received as maturity proceeds, bonus amount, survival benefits or surrender value on life insurance policy is taxable ?
- There are certain situations when Section 10(10D) does not apply, If the premium paid towards the life insurance policy is more than 10% of the sum assured for policies issued after April 1, 2012 & for policies taken before April 1, 2012, if premium paid more than 20% of sum assured, then tax benefit is not available.
- Also, as per Finance Budget 2023, any sum received from life insurance policy having premium annually in a financial year is more than Rs 5 lakh would be taxable from 1st April 2023. If a policyholder already has a life insurance policy with premium exceeding Rs 5 lakhs in a financial year, then it will be exempt from tax, if all the other conditions u/s 10 (10D) are satisfied. The new tax law is applicable only to the policies purchased on or after 1st April, 2023.
- This Income tax rule will NOT be applicable on ULIP policy. Any amount received on the death of the person insured will still be exempt from tax.
- For ULIP plans, the tax exemption limit is limited to Rs 2.5 lakhs annual premium payment in a financial year.
Tax implication of single premium life insurance policies
For a single premium payment life insurance policy, the premium paid is often more than 10% of the sum assured. Hence, the maturity benefit of the policy will be taxable under the head “Income from other sources” as per the applicable income tax slab rate.
TDS u/s 194DA @ 5% will apply on the income component (amount received – total premium paid in the tenure of the policy) if the amount received is > ₹1 lakh.
For example, if a policy is taken on 12 July, 2013 with a maturity value of ₹3.5 lakh, the single premium amount will be approximately ₹95,000, which is over 10% of the sum assured. Suppose, if assessee surrendered the policy on 16 July, 2019 & he/she received Rs 1,50,000 then the insurance company would deduct TDS @ 5% on Rs 45,000 (income component). Rs 1,50,000 received as surrender value will be taxable under the head “Income from other sources” as per the applicable income tax slab rate.
Comparison of Old Regime & New Regime tax (under section 115BAD) for investing in life insurance policies
Premiums paid on traditional life insurance policies are eligible for tax deduction up to Rs 1.5 lakh u/s 80C which leads to a lower taxable income in the hands of taxpayers in the old tax regime.
But now taxpayers who opted for New Regime tax (under section 115BAD) will be benefited by switching to the new tax regime as they don’t need to invest in tax-saving instruments such as traditional life insurance policies to save taxes instead they can focus more on term plan for their life insurance need.
Note: As a clarificatory note it is important to mention that if any loan is taken against the LIC policy and later on the loan is repaid then the principal and interest amount repaid shall not be allowed as deduction.
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